15. Characterization of isolated bacteria from burn patients and its susceptibility against different antibiotics in district Swat

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Muhammad Nazir Uddin, Braikhna Jabeen, Qaisar khan, Shah Naeem, Wajid Khan Saadat Mehmood, Muhammad Muhammad Rizwan

Abstract

Burn is an injury to the skin or other body tissues caused by various agents like thermal injury, scalds, fire, electrical shock and chemical injury. The aims of current study were isolation, identification and sensitivity of isolated bacteria against antibiotics from burn infected patients of District Swat. A total of 50 swab samples were collected from 50 burn infected patients. On the basis of colony morphology and Biochemical tests, including Oxidase, Catalase, Coagulase, Indole, and Motility eight different bacterial isolates were identified, including Bacillus, Enterobacter, Epidermis, E.Coli, Klebseilla, Pseudomonas Aeruginosa, Proteus and Staphylococcus aureus. The frequency range were Bacillus (0.3%), Enterobacter 6.97%), Epidermis (6.97%), Proteus (9.30%), E.coli (11.62%), Klebsiella (13.95%), Staphylococcus aureus (20.93%) and Pseudomonas aeruginosa (30.23%). The maximum infections, i.e. 38% were reported in children’s age group 1-5 years. The infections reported in females were 65% while males 35%. A total of 12 antibiotics were tested in which levofloxacin and ciprofloxacin were found more effective. Moderate against Amikacin, Chloramphenicol and Gentamycin. Whereas Imipenem, Amoxicillin, Ceftriaxone were found less effective. Attention and concentration is need to avoid the infection in burn patients at distract swat. A further detail and comprehensive study is needed to avoid or reduce these infections.


Keywords: Antibiotic sensitivity; Bacteria; Burn Patients; District Swat


http://dx.doi.org/10.19045/bspab.2018.70015

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