41. Sowing techniques effect on growth and yield components of field pea cultivars under climate conditions of Quetta-Pakistan

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Zulfiqar Ali Mastoi Abdul Sattar Khetran Rehmatullah Khetran Muhammad Arif Kakar Mujeeb-ur-Rehman Baloch Mohammad Saleem Mastoi

Abstract

The experiment was carried out at Directorate of Agriculture Research Pulses, A.R.I, Sariab, Quetta-Pakistan during rabi season-2017 to check the effect of the three different sowing techniques/ ways (broadcasting, drill and ridge sowing) on yield components & growth of three cultivars (Local, Italian and Sel-190) of field pea. The randomized complete block design (RCBD) with three replications was used. The size of plot was 10.5m2. Field pea cultivars were significant (P<0.05) influenced by three different sowing methods. Regarding the sowing methods the pea crop sown under ridge method got the highest yield components in all traits like (89.70%) seed germination, (7.35) branches per plant, (29.45) pods plant-1, (5.92) seeds pod-1, (6.34) fresh pod yield kg plot-1, (175.79) gram (g) seed index and (4109.86) seed yield kg ha-1. The pea crop sown under broadcasting method got lowest yield components in all traits like (87.82%) seed germination, (5.51) branches per plant, (24.08) pods plant-1, (5.13) seeds pod-1, fresh pod yield (6.00) kg plot-1, (156.20) gram (g) seed index and (3054.86) seed yield kg ha-1. Regarding the yield components the cultivar ‘Sel-190’ got first rank, the ‘Italian’ cultivar second and the ‘Local’ cultivar gained third rank in all their traits. On the basis of seed yield kg ha-1 the interaction of ridge method × ‘Sel-190’ cultivar showed superior results over rest of the interactions. It was concluded that ridge sowing method proved to be superior over drilling and broadcasting with highest seed yield (4109.86) kg ha-1.


Keywords: Field pea cultivars; Pea growth; Sowing techniques; Yield component


http://dx.doi.org/10.19045/bspab.2018.70094 

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