20. Comparative effects of potassium chloride (KCl) as osmotic stressor on various growth parameters of Lycopersicon esculentum L.

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Faheem Tariq, Abdul Basit, Izhar Ahmad, Syed Inzimam Ul Haq Zakir Ullah Amir Ali, Jalil Ahmed Awais Adnan Rahim Muhammad Hameed Iqbal

Abstract

Lycopersicon esculentum L. is one of the most important crop and used as a source of vitamins. The present study was carried out to investigate the osmotic effect of KCl on tomato growth and productivity. The experiment was conducted under two different conditions i.e. tomato plants were cultivated in fields as well as in pots. In order to investigate the difference among plant cultivated under different conditions. The plants were provided with various concentration of KCl treatment i.e. 0.1 M KCl, 0.2 M KCl and 0.3 M KCl and keeping one line as control. However, the completely randomize design (CRD) with 4 replicates was used.  Various agronomic characters of plants such as plant height, number of brunches per plant, number of leaflets per plants, size of branch, terminal leaflet length, terminal leaflet width, Plant fresh weight, dry weight and number of fruits per plant were studied. The results showed that with increasing concentration of potassium chloride, the plant various growth parameters increase. The plant showed maximum growth, when provided with 0.3M KCl. Similar, type of results was obtained from the tomato plants cultivated in pots. However, in case of tomato plant cultivated in pots, showed less growth as compare to field in general.


Keywords: Fruits; KCl (Potassium Chloride); Lycopersicon esculentum; Treatments; Vegetative growth


http://dx.doi.org/10.19045/bspab.2019.80151

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