44. Epidemiological study of bovine fasciolosis using coprological technique in district Mardan, Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Pakistan

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Naimat Ullah Khan Samia Sultan Ihsan Ullah Hazrat Ali, Mian Saeed Sarwar Anwar Ali Tahir Usman Azmat Ullah Khan Munib Hussain Mehboob Ali Fazli Rabbani, Attaur Rahman

Abstract

The basic aim of the present study was to investigate the prevalence and the associated risk factors responsible for occurrence of bovine fasciolosis causing huge economic losses in cattle in district Mardan. A total of (n=500) cattle of different age groups, breeds, sex and body condition score (BCS) were randomly selected for collection of feces and screened for presence of fasciola eggs using fecal sedimentation test. As a result, out of 500 cattle only 214 (214/500= 42.8%) were found positive for fasciola infection and overall prevalence was (42.8%).Non-probability statistics was applied on obtained data at 5% probability. The total population (n=500) was divided in to three age groups (³1-3 years, 4-6 years and 7-9 years) where the highest prevalence was recorded at the age of ³1-3 years(48.82%) followed by 4-6 years(39.74%) and the lowest at the age of 7-9 years(39.65%) and statistically highly significant association (p<0.001) was recorded. The breed wise study revealed the highest prevalence in cross Friesian cattle (46.78%) than local cattle (42.90%) and statistically non-significant (p>0.229) association was observed. The highest sex wise prevalence of bovine fasciolosis was recorded in female cattle (49.03%) than male (32.63%) and statistically significant association (p<0.003) was observed. Relationship between BCS and prevalence of  bovine fasciolosis showed the highest rate of infection in those animals having poor body conditions (49.54%) followed by medium body conditions (45.61%) while the lowest  prevalence was recorded in those animals having good body conditions (37.27%) and statistically non-significant association (p>0.373) was recorded. As a result it was concluded that bovine fasciolosis was highly prevalent in the study area causing a huge economic losses and it should be mentioned in priority list for chemotherapy and preventive measures.


Keywords: BCS; Fasciola; Lymnea; Snails; Trematodes


http://dx.doi.org/10.19045/bspab.2020.90050



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