60. Ecology, ethnobotany and mineral contents of some species of Brassicaceae from Peshawar, Pakistan

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Komal Sultan Syed Mukaram Shah Aqsa Gulshad, Mahnoor Mujeeb


The study was conducted in the Peshawar city to record the ecological characteristics, ethnobotanical profile and elemental composition of five members of Brassicaceae i.e. Capsella bursa-pastoris (L.) Medik., Coronopus didymus (L.) Smith., Iberis amara L., Lepidium sativum L. and Sisymbrium irio L. Biological spectra indicated that all the plant species were therophytes with nanophyllous and microphyllous dominant followed by mesophyllous leaf sizes. The plant species had dissected leaf margins. Phenological behavior showed that most of the plants were at reproductive stage. Eleven major and three minor elements (C, N, O, Na, Mg, Al, Si, P, S, K, Ca, Cl, Fe and Cu) were observed. The Carbon percentage was highest (51.32%) in Lepidium sativum L. and lowest (42.07%) in Capsella bursa- pastoris (L.) Medik. The mineral nutrients are required for plant’s healthy growth and these come from the soil which are dissolved in water and take up by plant’s roots so minerals content  shows the relationship of soil and plants. The availability of these minerals depends upon location, soil texture and its acidity (pH)

Keywords: Brassicaceae; Ecology; Elements; Ethnobotany; life forms; phenology; Peshawar



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