82. Incidence and health risk assessment of grazing animals due to toxic metal residues (Cd and Mn) in Sahiwal, Sargodha

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Maria Ghazzal, Zafar Iqbal Khan, Kafeel Ahmad Naunain Mehmood Shehzadi Mahpara Muhammad Nadeem Mudasra Munir, Kinza Wajid, Muhammad Sohail, Ifra Saleem Malik, Asma Ashfaq, Humayun Bashir Mubeen Akhtar, Pervaiz Akhter


Ecological contamination due to toxic chemicals is the major issue. Present research was conducted to find out the concentration of Cd and Mn in fodder soil and blood. Five sites of Tehsil Sahiwal of District Sargodha were selected for research where mostly contaminated water was used for irrigation. Pollution load index as well as health risk index was also studied. The results show that cadmium and manganese exceeded the permissible limit of Cd (0.2) and Mn (500) mg/kg suggested by FAO/WHO. Enrichment factor showed lower values as compared to standard. Higher values were observed for Mn at site-V 3.09 mg/kg for summer samples of Zea mays and lower Trifoilum alaxandrium 1.17 mg/kg, while for Cd higher values were observed for Zea mays 2.80 mg/kg and lower for Trifolium alaxandrium 0.20 mg/kg for during winter season.

Keywords:  Cadmium; Health risk index; Manganese; Pollution load index



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