113. Analysis of physicochemical parameters of hospitals wastewater: a case study in Faisalabad, Pakistan

Main Article Content

Hamza Rehman, Nida Ahmad Khan, Hasooba Hira, Asma Bibi


Water is the supreme essential thing that has direct effects on the life of any living organism. Water contamination is one of the alarming problem in our society and that contaminated water also includes wastewater of hospitals and laboratories. Blood and urine both are major agents that are present in the sewage of hospitals. The main objective of this study was to analyze the physicochemical parameters of sewage water of hospitals in Faisalabad city. Sewage water samples were collected from 13 different hospitals of the Faisalabad. Different physicochemical parameters like Total dissolved solids, Total hardness, Calcium, Magnesium, Bicarbonate and Chloride were analyzed in sewage water and their values were compared with the standard values given by the World Health Organization. Total dissolved solids of Faisal hospital were maximum 2710 mg/l whereas, the topmost total hardness 580 mg/l was found in Allied hospital. Calcium & magnesium of T.B hospital (544 mg/l) and Iqbal hospital (249 mg/l) were highest respectively. The number of bicarbonates and chlorides in T.B hospital & Faisal hospital was 1000 mg/l and 1568 mg/l, beyond the recommended WHO values. Descriptive statistics was applied to data to evaluate the significant differences between the means of samples. Results demonstrate that sewage water of Allied hospital, Faisalabad hospital, Iqbal hospital and T.B hospital is not ecofriendly and highly unfit for aquatic and human life.

Keywords: Aquatic life; Blood; Contamination; Eco-friendly; Physicochemical parameters; Sewage water; WHO



Most read articles by the same author(s)

Obs.: This plugin requires at least one statistics/report plugin to be enabled. If your statistics plugins provide more than one metric then please also select a main metric on the admin's site settings page and/or on the journal manager's settings pages.