20. Bacteriological analysis of blood samples collected from goats in altered behavior
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Present investigation was based on isolation and identification of bacterial isolates occurs in blood samples taken from 50 healthy and 50 unhealthy goats during the period from February 2017 to January 2018. A total of 100 blood samples were taken from goats to find out their bacterial burden. Out of these samples, 45 samples of unhealthy goats were found to be infected by several harmful bacteria, which reveals their prevalence as, Enterobacter aerogenes (6.6%), Escherichia coli (8.8%), Streptococcus bovis (8.8%), Klebsiella pneomoniae (11.1%), Cornyebacterium pseudotuberclosis (11.1%), Streptococcus agalactiae (11.1%), Listeria monocytogenes (13.3%), Staphylococcus epidermidis (13.3%), Staphylococcus aureus (15.5%). These bacterial pathogens may particularly cause harmful infections, which could be responsible for economic losses in goat farms, reduction of milk and meat productions enterprises. Therefore, our present work would be helpful in prevention and control of certain diseases that could be transmitted to human by milk and meat products. Moreover, as goat is also an indispensable source of income, therefore our present information may also enable the farmers to become more attractive in goat breeding and enable them in rising yield levels. Furthermore, in many countries, goat blood samples are more readily accessible than the other ruminants, thence have also been used an alternative source of blood for the usage in bacteriological culture media. Our present work is one of very few studies that had investigated the bacteriological analysis of blood samples of goats, and would be helpful for assessing their effects on goat health as well as its consumer’s health.
Keywords: Blood samples; Goat diseases; Pathogenic bacteria