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Abrasion has a strong relationship with the overall performance of fabrics. There are number of factors that have an impact of abrasive strength of textile materials. These include type of fiber, nature of yarn, yarn number, weave structure and type, number of interlacing in warp and weft. Abraded fabrics look bad in appearance and they no longer can be able to give required service for which they are intended to provide. This study aimed at determining the effect of various weave types on abrasive strength of cotton fabric. The fabric was manufactured through ring spinning technique with three weave structures such as plain, twill and satin. Manufactured fabrics were evaluated for their abrasive strength by following ASTM 4966 test standard. These were evaluated at various laundering intervals such as at 0, 5, 10 and 15. The mass loss in percentage of was then calculated. It was concluded that plain weave structure was the most strongest in terms of its abrasive strength followed by twill and satin. Small floats helped to make the fabric hold components yarns together and provide cohesion to the finished product. It is important for the textile manufacturers and fashion designers to look for various weave structures and their impact on products in order to make creative variations to attract their customers.
Keywords: Abrasion; Plain; Satin; Twill; Washing Cycles; Weave