22. Monitoring and management of fruitfly (Bactrocera zonata) population on peach (Pronus persica) Quetta Balochistan-Pakistan

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Mitha Khan, Shafique Ahmed Memon, Bhai Khan Solangi, Ghulam Jillani, Ameer Uddin, Syed Jahangeer Shah Enayat Aziz, Kamran Jamil, Naveed Ahmed, Aeman Afzal and Abdul Raziq

Abstract

Present investigation was conducted on the monitoring and management of fruit fly (Bactrocera zonata) population on peach in different locations of Quetta region (Hanna Orak) during 2017. The experiment consists of following IPM treatments (Sanitation + Methyl-Eugenol, without sanitation + Methyl-Eugenol, Sanitation + Protein hydrolysis baits, without sanitation + Protein hydrolysis baits, Neem Extract + Methyl-Eugenol and Neem Extract + Protein hydrolysis baits).


The results of current finding showed that peak population of Bactrocera zonata (1223.2±66.74 larvae/trap) was trapped under Methyl eugenol with sanitation Neem extract followed by Neem Extract + Methyl-Eugenol (1187.6±64.80 larvae/trap), Sanitation + Methyl-Eugenol (1153±62.84 larvae/trap), Sanitation + Protein hydrolysis baits (1064±31.40 larvae/trap), Neem Extract + Protein hydrolysis baits (959.8±43.50 larvae/trap), without sanitation + Methyl-Eugenol (932±42.26 larvae/trap), without sanitation (870.97±76.76 larvae) and Without sanitation + Protein hydrolysis baits (724±80.59 larvae/trap) on 30th September. Similar trend was observed for minimum population of Bactrocera zonata trapped under different IPM treatments. Analysis of variance (ANOVA) depicted highly significant difference (p<0.05) in population of Bactrocera zonata trapped under different IPM treatments in all fortnight observations. On the basis of present investigation, it was observed that Bactrocera zonata highly attracted to Methyl eugenol with sanitation Neem extract followed by Neem Extract + Methyl-Eugenol, Sanitation + Methyl-Eugenol, Sanitation + Protein hydrolysis baits, Neem Extract + Protein hydrolysis baits, Without sanitation + Methyl-Eugenol and Without sanitation + Protein hydrolysis baits. Maximum population abundance of Bactrocera zonata were recorded at the end of September afterwards the population simultaneously declined upto end of October.


Keywords: Monitoring; Management; Fruitfly


http://dx.doi.org/10.19045/bspab.2020.90257

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