10. Assessment of agronomic characters and yield in garlic genotypes under agro-climatic conditions of Mingora-Swat Pakistan

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Noor Habib Khan, Iqbal Hussain, Sajid Khan, Rahmani Gul, Izhar Ullah, Saeed Ul Haq, Sidra Saleem


Garlic different genotypes were evaluated for their agronomic traits against a local cultivar for two consecutive years at Agricultural Research Institute Mingora, Swat, Pakistan. Seven genotypes (NARC-1, NARC-3, NARC-4, NARC-5, Swat Garlic-1, Swat White and Lehsan Gulabi) were used for the trial. Genotypes vary significantly in plant height, number of leaves plant-1, stem thickness, leaf area, bulb weight, number of cloves bulb-1, clove weight and yield tons ha-1. Yield of the new genotypes were 2-3 times higher than the existing cultivar ‘Lehsan Gulabi’. “Swat White’ and ‘NARC-1’ have outclassed other genotypes producing a yield of 24.9 and 24.0 tons ha-1 respectively. Better vegetative growth, high number of cloves and bulb weight in these genotypes contributed to higher yield. The results indicated that the new genotypes could perform better for the desired traits than the existing cultivar, therefore the local cultivar should be replaced with these new genotypes for improve garlic yield.

Keywords: Allium sativum; Agronomic characters; Bulb weight; Bulb yield; Genotypes


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