13. Prevalence of pneumonia associated with measles among infants and children hospitalized in Khyber Teaching Hospital Peshawar, KPK, Pakistan

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Shahid Khan, Jafar Iqbal, Muhammad Tayyeb, Shah Fahad, Amen Ullah, Hidayat Khan


The current study aimed to assess the prevalence and potential risk factors associated with the occurrence of pneumonia among people of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa. Pneumonia is one of the leading causes of children age less than 5 years. Acute Respiratory Tract is one of the leading causes of Pneumonia; the ratio of death due to pneumonia is 50% more in developing countries. Air pollution, concrete fuel for food preparation are the major sources of respiratory Tract Infection (RTI). RTI can cause 42% of death around the world.  Hemolytic streptococci have the organisms that most prevailing in the lungs cause of Pneumonia which can lead to measles. The present study highlights the prevalence in Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, 61.8 % child, and 38.2% was infants.  Male and Female ratios were 31.4 % and 68.6 % respectively.  The economic loss among poor families in percentage was high 60%, whereas middle and high economic status families were 30% and 10% respectively. The occurrences of the percentage of rural and urban were about 51% and 49% respectively.

Keywords: Khyber teaching hospital; Measles; Pneumonia; Prevalence; Respiratory tract infection; Risk factors; Streptococcus


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