19. Flavonoids, alkaloids, and saponins as antimicrobial agents from Fragaria vesca L.

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Syed Afaq Hussain, Shabir Ahmad, Zahid Ali Butt, Khushnood Ur Rehman, Saqib Ullah, Shahab Saeed Khan


Strawberry (Fragaria vesca) being a rich source of bioactive health-promoting compounds, has been given attention worldwide in the identification of functional foods. The high levels of phenols along with its resilient smell and sublime white pink color have compelled the scientists to termed it as a preferred berry. Future researches having the focus on a strawberry is proving the fact that it is the main product utilized in the preparation of standard food, jellies, jams, and beverages comprising alcohol content.   The said fruits have been used traditionally in different drug systems for curing a wide range of diseases mainly as purgative, anti-diuretic, and anti-septic. The leaves of the same plant can be very helpful in urinary problems, diarrhea while the leaves have been used as anti-diarrheal, urinary, and antiseptic. The current research is focused to provide and discuss the available literature to first check the quality and quantity of flavonoids, saponin, and alkaloids contents in the fruits of strawberry. In this focused attempt, selected metabolites other than primary i.e. flavonoid alkaloid and saponin were quantified from the methanolic dry filtrate of strawberry which was lied open to anti-microbial, anti-oxidant, and other allopathic actions and were found active against these biological estimations. The overall results reveal that the test species can be a good source of natural medicinal and pharmaceutical drugs for many sorts of diseases and imbalances.

Keywords: Allelopathic; Antifungal; Antibacterial; Crude; Ethanolic; Extract; Effects; Strawberry (Fragaria vesca)


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