32. Frequency of Autoimmune thyroid disease and its relation with age and gender

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Muhammad Jawad, Muhammad Zahid, Ayesha Rizwan, Faisal Saeed, Abdul Wahab, Syed Inzimam Ul Haq


Autoimmune thyroid disease (AITD) is an autoimmune disease that particularly affects the Thyroid Gland. It is a frequently found condition. Thyroid Autoimmune Disease is in the list of autoimmune disease that carries 30% weight of all the organ-specifically autoimmunity. In Pakistan, the number of new cases of hyperthyroidism are less i.e. 2% when weighted against hypothyroidism. This study is cross-sectional, carried out in 415 patients visiting IRNUM hospital, public sector cancer hospital. Convenience sampling technique was used, and patient of all ages were included in study. A total of 415 samples were collected from both males and females. Out of these 415, 111 tested positive. 80 patients had a Hashimoto’s Disease and remaining 31 suffered from Grave’s Disease.  According to the study, the prevalence of Hashimoto’s Disease in both females and males was 16.626% and 2.651%. In case of Graves’ disease, the prevalence was 1.92% in male and 5.54% in female. Based on our findings, the Prevalence of these diseases is high in females as compared to males. Autoimmune thyroid disease has a prevalence of 26.74% in our population. Hashimoto’s disease (16.626%) was found more prevalent than Graves’ disease (2.651%). The dominant age for both the conditions is 30-50 years.

Keywords: Autoimmune thyroid disease (AITD); Graves’ disease; Hashimoto’s disease


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