2. Biological, physical and chemical synthesis of silver nanoparticles and their non-toxic bio-chemical application: A brief review

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Rabia Kanwar, Rida Fatima, Rashid Kanwar, Muhammad Tariq Javid, Uzma Wali Muhammad, Zahra Ashraf Ayesha Khalid


Nanotechnology is gaining popularity, because of its wide use in every field. Nanotechnology is continuously improving medical advancements. Nanoparticles can be engineered for their biocompatibility, size, shape and selectivity. Silver Nanoparticles have been extensively used by researchers because of their unique and wide properties such as size, shape, electrical properties and antimicrobial. Due to these properties silver nanoparticles have been used almost in every field from engineering to chemical and biological. Just like their properties, silver nanoparticles can be synthesize by various method including physical (Gamma Irradiation, Laser ablation and electron irradiation, microwave processing), chemical (chemical reduction and photochemical method) and biological. Due to the less toxicity, the use of silver Nanoparticles in life sciences has been increasing. The aim of the following review is to discuss the various methods of silver nanoparticle synthesis and their non-toxic application in the field of life sciences for the treatment of various diseases including Antibiotic resistance challenge and a tool for cancer therapy. The life sciences field will benefit from a mechanistic understanding of SNP therapeutic activities, which will aid in the development of individualized treatment and healthcare techniques for the benefit of the human population.

Keywords: Antimicrobial; Biological synthesis; Nanotechnology; Silver Nanoparticles; Toxicity


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