11. New high yielding and disease tolerant wheat (Triticum aestivum L) variety NIFA AMAN-2017 for irrigated areas of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa

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Fazle Subhan, Muhammad Irfaq Khan, Syed Tariq Shah

Abstract

Varietal development, release and quality seed production of new high yielding and disease resistant wheat varieties is a continuous effort and a pre-requisite for sustainable wheat production. NIFA-AMAN 2017 as a new improved variety was developed at Nuclear Institute for Food and Agriculture, Peshawar, Pakistan. From 4th Stem Rust Screening Nursery (4th SRSN) the genotype was selected and material received from CIMMYT in 2009-10. Based on disease tolerance and higher grain yield, the genotype (SRN-09111) was selected from the nursery sown during 2009-10. Similarly, in preliminary and advanced yield trials conducted at NIFA during 2010-11 and 2011-12, the genotype was evaluated. The SRN-09111 was also evaluated in microplot trial at 07 different sites of the province during 2012-13, genotype showed outstanding yield performance among the other genotypes. The genotype out yielded (5647 & 4351 kg ha-1) in 1st year mandatory evaluation of National Uniform Wheat Yield Trials (NUWYT) during 2013-14 and Ranked 1st at 5 sites in Khyber Pakhtunkhwa (KP) and 4th across Pakistan. On 2nd year mandatory evaluation in NUWYT, conducted during 2014-15, the genotype yield ranked 2nd (4047 kg ha-1) at 31 sites on Pakistan basis. It is early maturing, disease tolerant and high yielding variety, more suitable for different agro-climatic zones of KP. Moreover, for yellow rust, leaf rust and stem rust, Relative Resistance Index (RRI) falls under acceptable range. The Provincial Seed Council (PSC), Khyber Pakhtunkhwa approved SRN-09111as a variety in 37th meeting held on 19th September, 2017 at Peshawar.


Keywords: Disease; High yield; Irrigated; KP; NIFA-AMAN 2017; Triticum aestivum; Variety


http://dx.doi.org/10.19045/bspab.2022.110052

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