16. Antimicrobial activity of two medicinally important plants (Juniperus excelsa and Ephedra intermedia) of Gharshinan Rodh Malazai area, District Pishin, Balochistan-Pakistan

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Mujeeb-Ur-Rehman, Saeed-Ur-Rehman, Saadullah Khan Leghari, Abdul Kabir Khan Achakzai, Muhammad Idrees Khalil-Ur-Rehman, Arifa Malik, Basra Sher Zaman, Bakht Zareen


The principal objective of this research was to explore the medicinal capability of two therapeutically significant plants species i.e., Juniperus excelsa and Ephedra intermedia. The contents of root and shoot of Ephedra intermedia, and the substance of leaves, berries and mixture of Juniperus excelsa extricate by methanol solution. These different parts of plant were inspected against some pathogenic organisms (bacterial strains) through agar well diffusion procedures. Juniperus excelsa is a significant blossoming restorative plant having a place with the Cupressaceous family. Juniperus excelsa had a wide scope of antimicrobial activities against different kinds of microbial strains (Staphylococcus aureus, Thiobacillus ferrooxidans, Thiobacillus Thiooxidans, Leptospirillum ferrooxidans and Escherichia coli). All the Gram positive and Gram-negative microscopic organisms were vulnerable to fundamental oil of leaf and fruit of Juniperus excelsa. Ephedra intermedia are one of the main plants in customarily and medicinally significant as the organic beginning of unrefined medications. The concentrate about antibacterial action of Ephedra intermedia were considered in against four bacterial strains (Staphylococcus aureus, Escherichia coli, Pseudomonas fluorescens and Bacillus subtilis). What's more, the after effects of this investigation affirmed that the metabolic concentrate of Ephedra intermedia displayed a significant antibacterial action. In conclusion, the concentrate of Ephedra intermedia could be a significant wellspring of phenolic segments with antibacterial activity. Resultantly, either the leaf, berries and mixture (leaf+berries) of Juniperus excelsa or the root and shoot of Ephedra intermedia have profoundly compelling against the microorganisms, especially bacteria. The research area has the abundant number of Juniperus excelsa and Ephedra intermedia which are never discussed by researchers. The different parts of these aforementioned plants have highly contents of chemicals which resist the microorganisms especially variant types of bacteria.

Keywords: Antibacterial activities; Baluchistan; Berries; Leaves; Medicinal plant; Seed; Stem


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