17. Antibacterial activity of Chenopodium botrys L. and Chenopodium album L. against growth promoting Rhizobacteria

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Hafsa Maria, Husna Begum, Hoor Shumail, Noreen Akhtar, Ayesha Pervaiz, Yousra Ayaz, Sara Khan, Madiha Khan Shah Khalid, Syed Inzimam Ul Haq


Medicinal plants are considered as new resources for producing novel antibacterial agents that could act as alternatives to antibiotics. The purpose of present research was to evaluate the antibacterial profile of important medicinal plants i.e.  Chenopodium botrys L. and Chenopodium album L. against two strains of rhizobacteria (Pantoea agglomerans and Acinetobacter baumannii). The antibacterial activity was evaluated by a modified agar well-diffusion method. Significant inhibitory effects were shown by crude extract and aqueous fraction on tested soil bacteria. The aqueous fraction revealed strongest antibacterial activity on Pantoea agglomerans followed by crude extract on Pantoea agglomerans on other hand n-hexane and chloroform exhibits mild to moderates activity on both strains. However, mild to moderate inhibitory effect was observed against Acinetobacter baumannii in response to all the extracts. Current findings revealed that Chenopodium botrys L. and Chenopodium album L. are rich source of natural antibacterial bioactive compounds, and the extracts/fractions of the plants possess potential as an antibacterial agent which could be useful in the search and development of new pharmaceutical agents.

Keywords: Acinetobacter baumannii; Antibacterial activity; Antibiotic resistant bacteria; Chenopodium botrys L; Chenopodium album L; Pantoea agglomerans


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