6. Efficacy of controlled environment for poultry farming in Pakistan-A review

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Muhammad Kamran Shafi, Zia-Ul-Haq, Talha Mehmood, Hamza Muneer Asam, Sohail Raza Haidree, Abdul Qadeer


The poultry sector is an important and vibrant segment of agriculture in Pakistan with a significant contribution to the national GDP (1.3%). The main role of poultry consumption in improving per capita nutrients level is well documented. Further improvement would be possible by lowering the prices at the consumer level and by improving the profitability of producers. Poultry production raises, chickens, ducks, turkeys and geese to provide meat and eggs. In controlled sheds chickens are grown in extraordinary numbers. Chickens raised for eggs are known as layers, while chickens raised for meat are called grills. Commercial poultry production in Pakistan started in the 1960's and has been providing a significant portion of daily proteins to the Pakistani population ever since. Despite its important role in the country's economy, not a single scientific study is available on its evolutionary history. The data available in this regard are scattered and lack reliability. This review is an effort to encompass on the poultry and shed engineering system for overall growth of the poultry industry present and future directions and challenges. It will also guide poultry experts and policy makers for developing strategic planning for further growth of the industry.

Keywords: Chickens; Eggs; Poultry


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