9. Functional, nutritional and medicinal potential of banana peel

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Mehnaz Hashim, Zeenat Hamid, Zareen Gul, Ali Akbar


Banana, botanically called Musa spp. is among the most cultivated and consumed fruits, which generates a huge amount of waste (peel) annually. The current review was to combine the activities and beneficial aspects of banana peel. The organic composition of banana peel comprising lipids, fibers, carbohydrates and protein which results in presence of several bioactive molecules. The literature revealed that these bioactive compounds including alkaloids, flavonoids, phenolics, steroids (tannic acid, catechol, β-sitosterol, ferulic acid) help to perform different biological activities and cures antitumor, antiparasitic, antibacterial, antifungal, antiaging, antioxidant and antiviral activities. The mechanism of its bioactive compounds helps to cure infections and diseases. The study states that banana peel is a valuable byproduct which has several benefits and it can be used in different industries like pharmaceutical, cosmetics, food, lather, biodiesel and bioethanol.

Keywords: Amino acids; Anti-inflammatory; Antimicrobial; Antioxidant; Dermatological effect; Phytochemicals


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