24. Inheritance studies and relationship of morphological traits in wheat (Triticum aestivum L.)

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Asghar Ali Rajper Shahla Karim Baloch Rehana Anjum Abdul Jabbar Chandio Kashmala Baloch Sajid Hussain Kaleri, Bilal Ahmed Rajput Rameez Raja Kaleri


Studies of inheritance and relationship of morphological traits in wheat crop (Triticum aestivum L.) were analysed in Rabi season during the year of 2013 to 2014. Current investigation was performed in different 3 replications with RCBD (Randomized complete block design at the Wheat research station southern, Tandojam. Total 8 wheat genotypes were included Benazir, SKD-11, 2011 Advance line, V-11005, Imdad 2005, TD1-1, Anmol-91 and Hamal. The results of different genotypes was observed significant difference (P≤0.05) by everyone due to their yield and growth traits such as spikelet’s spikes, index of seed, tillers plant-1, spikes of grains, height of plant, yield of plant grain and plant-1 tillers. The Anmol-91 surpassed rest of genotypes with maximum plant height (94.53 cm), and V-11005 Advance line surpassed in tillering capacity (15.00) and spikelets spike-1 (23.00), while longer spikes (15.02), higher seed index (51.33 g) and higher grain yield (23.53 g) were produced by genotypes TD-1 (15.02 cm) and Benazir (14.49 cm). Genotype Imdad-2005 was most promising for grains spike-1 (86.03), and seed index was higher in TD-1 (51.33 g), Benazir (48.97 g) and V-11005 (48.53 g). It is concluded that genotype TD-1 significantly exceeded in grain yield plant-1 (23.53 g) to other tested genotypes, followed by V-11005-Advance line (21.47 g) and 2011-Advance line (20.47 g); while lowest grain yield plant-1 (18.26 g) was noted in genotype Anmol-91.

Keywords: Inheritance; Morphological traits; Relationship; Wheat


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