2. Impact of climate change on crop adaptation: current challenges and future perspectives

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Munibah Afzal, Ghulam Shabbir, Muhammad Ilyas Syed Suliman Ahmad Jan Sohail Ahmad Jan


Climate change (i.e. changes in rainfall pattern and temperature) is a global issue affecting all regions and almost all sectors of life. This paper reviews the impact of climate change on crop adaptation and highlighted the recent advances used against these abiotic stresses. Reports have predicted agriculture is most vulnerable sector to climate change. The increasing climate variability has serious threats to crop adaptability and availability. Thus, climate change has threatened the food security. Therefore coping strategies to mitigate the threats to food security are matter of urgency. This can help to mitigate the impact of climate change on crop adaptation. The feasible adaptation practices that could be adapted include sowing time adjustments, stress tolerant varieties and short duration cultivar. The government and policymakers should support sustainable agriculture, farming practices and new technologies. The use of new genetic engineered methods can help to produce more transgenic plants against these environmental extremes.

Keywords: Abiotic Stress; Climate Change; Crop Adaptation; Novel Practices; Transgenic Plants


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