Farmers perceptions on impact of water scarcity in Pishin Lora Basin of Balochistan

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Zainuddin Kakar* Maqsood Ahmad Khan Muhammad Zubair Khan

Abstract

The present study was undertaken to analyze the impact of water scarcity on farmers’ incomes and employment in Pishin Lora Basin. The study is based on primary data which was collected from 300 farmers through a well-structured questionnaire. The main findings of the study are that the persistent water shortage has led to a noteworthy decline in the cultivated farm area, the drying of fruit trees in large numbers, and losses of livestock over the last ten years have caused enormous losses in farmers’ incomes and increases unemployment in the area. On the basis of the findings of the study various measures are recommended to overcome water scarcity in the short and long run such as the construction of new dams to store the runoff water; educating the farmers about the use of high efficiency irrigation systems to increase farm level water use efficiency; improve power supplies to the agriculture tube wells; and remove power outages.


Keywords: Farmers perceptions; Impact of water scarcity; Low income; High efficiency irrigation system; Power supply


http://dx.doi.org/10.19045/bspab.2017.60027

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