11. Enhancement of growth and suppressing the root diseases of tomato plant by using organic amendment

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Gulnaz Parveen Naila Mukhtar Kaleemullah . Muhammad Kamal Sheikh


Cotton (Gossypium hirsutum L.) and mustard (Brassica compestris L.) cake used to suppress pathogenic fungi and ultimately enhanced the growth of tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum) plant. During field experiment tomato plant was treated  alone and combine use of mustard and cotton cake with different concentration viz, 1, 3 and 5% W/V. Fusarium solani, Botrytis cinerea  and Fusarium samitactum was completely controlled by the combine effect of mustered and cotton cake at 1%MC+5%CC, similarly Rhizoctonia solani was completely controlled at 1%MC+1%CC, while 5%MC, 5%CC, 1%CC+5%MC also showed the significant (P< 0.05) result by reducing the percent infection of F. solani, R. solani  at 11.11 each. Plant height enhanced significantly (P< 0.05) by all treatments alone and combine, while maximum plant height and weight was produced by combine effect of mustard and cotton cake at 1%MC+5%CC was 14cm and 23.41g respectively.

Keywords: Cotton; Fungi; Lycopersicon esculentum; Mustard; Organic manure


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